In this Anthology of Rufino Blanco Fombona his reflections on the Spanish temperament match the insights of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, Manuel González Prada, Rubén Darío, and Leopoldo Lugones. Rufino Blanco Fombona was an author, journalist, and essayist. As an editor he founded a Latin American publishing project which he called the American Library. He was regarded as a hero of American letters, a combative author, fierce debater, and a strong minded political thinker. He was persecuted and exiled by the government of Juan Vicente Gómez. As a faithful follower of the conception of art and literature that had forged Rubén Darío, many considered the originality and strength of his writing based on the quality of his poetry.